2 The battles were fought for weapons and ammunition held at Concord
The advent of American Revolution split the people in the American colonies into two groups – the Loyalists, who remained loyal to the British Crown; and the Patriots, who violently rebelled against British control in America. On April 14, 1775, General Thomas Gage, the military governor of Massachusetts, was told to take action to disarm the patriots and to imprison their leaders. He decided to send a force to seize the weapons and ammunition held by the Provincial Congress in the armory at Concord, some 15 miles from Boston.
Portrait of General Thomas Gage, military governor of Massachusetts during the Battles of Lexington and Concord.
3 The famous Paul Revere’s Ride warned the patriots of British movement
On April 7, 1775, Dr Joseph Warren, an American physician, sent Paul Revere, a Boston silversmith, to warn the Massachusetts Provincial Congress of British army movement in Boston leading to Concord residents moving the military supplies out of town. On the night of April 18, 1775, Paul Revere, along with William Dawes, was again sent to warn the patriots of the British expedition. Revere set forth on his horse, in what is known as the “Midnight Ride”, warning patriots along the way, many of whom set out on horseback to deliver warnings of their own. An 1861 poem by Henry Longfellow on Revere’s contribution titled Paul Revere’s Ride created the national legend of Paul Revere.